Nature Club

General ClubsComments Off on Nature Club

List of Trees in Govt. College Nedumangad   

Sl. No. Botanical Name Local Name Family Native Place Useful part Economic/Medicinal importance
1 Acacia auriculiforme Acacia Fabaceae Australia Wood, bark Timber, Astringent
2 Acacia mangium Mangium Fabaceae Australia Wood Timber/germinating seeds used as vegetables
3 Albizia saman Mazhamaram Fabaceae S.America Pod Pod eaten by birds, Avenue tree
4 Anacardium occidentale Kashumavu Anacardiaceae S.Ameica/S.Asia Friut/Nuts Used against diarrhea, vomiting and nausea, ring worm- oil from the shell -paintings
5 Annona muricata Mullathi/Cancer chakka Annonaceae Central America/ West Indies Leaves & Immature fruits Malignant tumor  and giddiness
6 Artocarpus heterophyllus Chakka/ Pilavu Moraceae S.India Fruit/Timber Fruit and seeds edible/  ulcers, diarrhoea, boils, stomach-ache and wounds
7 Artocarpus  hirsutus Anjili/Ayani Moraceae Southern Western Ghats Fruit, seed & Wood Friuts and seeds edible

Timber

8 Artocarpus  incisus Kadachakka/ Seema plavu Moraceae Pacific Islands Fruit Fruit used as vegetable
9 Averrhoa bilimbi Pulinchi/bilimbi Oxalidaceae Malasia Fruit/ leaves decoction of leaves is used to cure inflammation of the rectum, fruit used as raw or pickle
10 Azadirachta indica Neem,Veppu Meliaceae Indo-Malsia Leaves /Fruit Insecticide, Chicken-pox, paints of joints, skin diseases
11 Bauhinia purpurea Chovanna mandaram Fabaceae South –East Asia Root, Bark, leaves Head ache, tooth ache, relieves pains
12 Briedia retusa Mulluvenga Euphorbiaceae Indo Malaya Fruit/Bark Astrigent,antiviral, hypoglycaemic, hypotensive
13 Bombax insigne Pangimaram/ Ilavu Bombacaceae India/Myanmar Fibre  Textile industry
14 Calliandra haematocephala Powder puff Fabaceae Africa/Asia/America Leaves/Bark Anti oxidant, Gastro protective, Antimicrobial
15 Caryota urens Olattipana Aracaceae Indo-Malesia Leaves,juice -inflorescence Toddy
16 Cassia fistula Kanikkonna Fabaceae Indo-Malesia Bark,Leaves Fruits Blisters, loosen and purify bowels
17 Cocos nucifera Thengu Aracaceae Tropical Eastern regions Flower ,Leaves, juice,fruit,Kernal Tatching , construction, furnitures, endosperm and oil edible
18 Elaeocarpus serratus Karakka maram Elaeocarpaceae Indo-Malesia Frit/wood Fruit eaten raw or pickle

Timber

19 Ficus religiosa Arayal Moraceae East Himala. Indian Root,Bark and Fruit Purified blood,chronic fever and ulcer
20 Garcinia mangostana Mangosteen Clusiaceae Malasia Fruit Urinary tract infection, menstrual disorders
21 Hevea  braziliensis Rubber Tree Euphorbiaceae Brazil Latex Rubber industries
22 leucaena leucocephala Subaul Tree Fabaceae Tropical America Wood Construction of rail way sleepers, boat etc.
23 Macaranga peltata Vattaila/ Pdini Euphorbiaceae India
24 Mangifera indica Mavu Anacardiaceae India Fruit, Bark,Wood Edible raw and ripe

Dysentery, diarrhoea

25 Moringa pterygosperma Muringa Moringaceae India Leaves,Fruit, Bark Vegetables, muscle swelling, acute paints
26 Peltophorum pterocarpum Charakonna Fabaceae SriLanka Leaves, Bark Leaves an astringent for intestinal disorders& muscular pains , gargles and tooth powders.
27 Phyllanthus emblica Nellikkay Euphorbiaceae China/Taiwan Fruit, Bark source of vitamin C ,Raw and pickled,juice- anti diabetic, low pressure
28 Psidium guajava Perakkay Myrtaceae Tropical America Fruit Raw and ripe fruits edible
29 Sesbania grandiflora Agaticheera Fabaceae Indonesia Fruit , Bark , root, Vegetable, blisters of mouth, chicken pox
30 Spathode companulata Thaneerkaimaram Bignoniacea Australia Flower Avenue Tree
31 Tectona grandis Thekku Verbanaceae South East Asia Wood Timber
32 Terminalia catapa Badam Combretaceae Malaysia Friut,Wood Timber

 

Among the floristic composition, trees (118 no.) are predominant which are represented by 32 species. 32 species belongs to 28 genera under 19 families. Out of 19 families, the most dominant family is Fabaceae with 9 species, followed by Moraceae (4 species), Euphorbiaceae (3 species), and the other families with gradually lesser number of species. Among the 19 families 18 are Dicotyledons   and one family of Monocotyledons ( Aracaceae).  All species are local plants with several commercial, medicinal and economic values. However, only seven of the species are of Indian origin, while 25 are exotic in origin.

The plants are provided with name tags having scientific name, family, common name with specific QR coding. The digital album Digiflora is also prepared and the link provided in the college website. The predominance and luxuriant distribution of  Acasia auriculiforme and Acasia mangium results in monoculture that hindered the biodiversity in the campus. These species produce enormous seeds, spread rapidly, with added allelopathic effect preventing the germination and further growth of diverse type of flora. More over, the rocky terrain also lowers the distribution different types of flora.

 

പരിസ്ഥിതി ദിനാചരണം

Comments are closed.

© 2015 Government College Nedumangad. All rights reserved. deigned by C-DIT